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Sample essay topic, essay writing: Ethiopia - 1847 words
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EthiopiaIntroduction It stands as one of the oldest nations of the world, dating back to 1000 BC when the Queen of Sheba visited King Solomon. Ethiopia was a nation with promise, a nation with riches and the greatest Ivory market as far as the eye can see. So one would assume that Ethiopia is the place to live. Well if you have been to Ethiopia you would see this is not the case. Ethiopia is a povershed country where people are fighting to live everyday. There economy is nearly in ruins and there main export, is almost stolen from them. But the promise that Ethiopia had when the Queen of Sheba visited King Solomon is still there.
But in order to restore Ethiopia to its previous glory, we need your help. We need that $50 million to give life back to the Ethiopian people.General FactsOfficial Name: Federal Democratic Republic of EthiopiaCapital City: Addis AbabaIndependence Day: September 12Total Area: 1,127,127 km^2 Land Area: 1,119,683 km^2Water Area: 7,444 km^2Population: 72,400,000Languages: Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, other local languages, English (major foreign language taught in schools)Religion: Muslim 45%-50%, Ethiopian Orthodox 35%-40%, Animist 12%, Other 3%-8%Life Expectancy: 37Currency: Birr (As of January 26, 2005, 1 birr = 0.14783 CAN, 1 CAN =6.764 birr)GDP: 700 (per capita)Labour Force by Occupation: agriculture and animal husbandry 80%; government and services 12%; industry and construction 8%Industries: food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, metals processing, cementImports: coffee, qat, gold, leather products, live animals, oilseeds(Continued)Exports: food and live animals, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery, motor vehicles, cereals, textiles GraphsProblems TodayEthiopia has a very bad basic health status compared to other countries with a low income. The health service coverage is 50.4%. Almost one out of every ten babies who are born in Ethiopia dies in their first year. Mortality rate for those under five is also high; statistics show that one out of every six children dies before they turn five. Malnutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, and HIV/AIDS dominate Ethiopia's problem of disease
Diseases such as meningitis, malaria, cholera, measles, and shigellosis have become epidemic.Economic Problems There are more than 50 million people who still have the same daily life as their ancestors did. Over 50 million people completely depend on traditional agriculture. Ethiopian economy is had agriculture account for 51% of the GDP, 85% of total employment, and 85% of exports and more than 70% of total export earnings. During the same year, the service sector accounted for 24% of GDP while the industrial sector contributed about 11% of GDP, 15% of export earnings and less than 2% of the labour force. Trade and transport contribute 14% of GDP.
In spite of recent achievements in economic growth, poverty remains a problem.ClimateThe current climatic trends have caused food availability to be very short countrywide. The lack of rain experienced in many areas has caused serious food shortage in several parts of the country. The impact of the rain on three important sources of food has particularly been severe.o The belg and Meher crops in a number of areas did not grow o Early maturing non-Belg crops, which are important sources of food before the Meher Harvest and the Meher rain also failed o Livestock condition in some of the pastoral areas has been affected incrediblyThe severe drought in Ethiopia has caused their main economic source to be hit really hard. Many farmers and their families are dying of malnutrition.Health Problems Ethiopia has become a country plagued with famine and disease. Many people die every day because there is no money to treat them.
Ethiopia has an extremely poor health status, even compared to poorer countries. The health service coverage is 50.4%. As we stated earlier, one out of ten babies don't make it to their first birthday. And one out of six children doesn't live to see their fifth birthday. Ethiopia's total burden of disease as measured by early death from all causes is approximately 350 Discounted Life Years lost per 1000 population.
HIV/Aids, nutrition deficiency and communicable diseases have now dominated Ethiopia.Poor Food Distribution All of the crop failures and the poor livestock have caused food shortages in almost all areas. The poor livestock has had a tremendous effect on the milk supply and has especially impacted the children. Now, because of the poor livestock, the price of grain has gone up, making it unaffordable for many. Because of all the factors that have caused this food shortage, the DPPC predicts that 6,000,000 people will become ill and die if nothing is done.Current Assessment o Anemia is becoming a problem with children under five and pregnant mothers. Malnutrition is adding to this problemo Many people have migrated to the few places in Ethiopia where there is water. We expect a Malaria outbreak to occur in these places.
Although there are no cases yet, health officials feel that there will be a meningococcal meningitis epidemic in the areas.o The water supply in almost all communities is contaminatedo Although there are no cases yet, health officials believe there will be a measles epidemico More recently, there have a huge number of cases of whooping cough (Pertusis)o There is also a very low amount of basic medical supplieso When UNICEF made there way into Ethiopia to distribute food, many people stayed back at home due to lack of strengtho Malnutrition has become a very serious problem in many areas as many Ethiopians are completely dependant on their livestocko Carcasses have been scattered all over Ethiopia because of disease they carry. The livestock that are alive still have disease and they infect those who use the producto Ethiopia is not prepared for an emergency situation like the one they are in. Poor management of there resources has also been observed.Comparing Ethiopia and CanadaTopic Ethiopia CanadaOfficial name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia CanadaCapital: Addis Ababa OttawaArea (Thousands of km2): 1,104 9,985Population (millions): 72.4 (2004) 31.9 (2004)Population density (per km2): 64 (2004) 3 (2004)Urban population (%-2003): 16 80Gross national income (GNI) (per capita):US$90 (2003) US$23,930 (2003)GNI purchasing power parity (PPP) (per capita):US$710 (2003) US$29,740 (2003)Structure of GDP (%-2003): o Agriculture o Industry o Services 421147 23266Ecological footprint (global hectares per person-2001): 0.7 6.4Human development index (HDI) ranking:170th of 177 countries (2002) 4th (2002)Gender-related development index (GDI) ranking:137th of 144 countries (2002) 4th (2002)Life expectancy at birth: 37 (1960), 46 (2003) 71 (1960), 79 (2003)Mortality rate under 5 years old(per 1,000): 269 (1960), 169 (2003) 33 (1960), 6 (2003)Adult literacy rate (% 2000-2004):o Total o Men o Women 414934 999999Population using improved drinking water sources (%-2002):o Total o Urban o Rural 228111 10010099Courtesy of http://www.acdi-cida.gc.ca/cidaweb/webcountry.nsf/ VLUDocEn/Ethiopia-Factsataglance (Focus on highlighted)Ethiopia in the NewsProject enabling Ethiopia export electric power to Djibouti well underwayAddis Ababa, 1/27/2005The Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation (EEPCo) has announced that implementation of a project supplying electric power to Djibouti from Ethiopia was being speeded up.EEPCo General Manager Mihret Debebe made the announcement here at the opening on Thursday of a meeting held to discuss an electric power transfer draft agreement between pertinent bodies of Ethiopia and Djibouti.The project launched following the signing of the agreement in 2001 provides for the installation of a 283-km electric line from Dire Dawa to Djibouti.The African Development Bank has already approved a 60 million Dollars loan required for the realization of the project, Mihret said. The loan is to be repaid in a long period of time with small interest by both the beneficiaries. With the project Ethiopia will be exporting electric power to Djibouti.The project is believed to enable urban and rural border areas in the two countries to get electric power supply.
Physical work of the project will be implemented until 2002 E.C. Ethiopia will be receiving upto 33 million Dollars annually from the export upon completion of the project, Mihret said.The project can be expanded beyond Ethiopia and Djibout to include the countries in the region and even reaching farther to Northern African countries, General Manager of Djibouti Electric Company Jama Ali Guelleh said on the occasion.Such a project will be significant in strengthening ties between nations, he said.Courtesy of http://www.ena.gov.et/default.asp?CatId=2&NewsId=1 61700SolutionsHealtho To dive emergency medical suppliesoTo build shelters for treatment whenever it is neededoTo monitor all of the current problems and ones that ariseoTo implement Measles immunization campaign for those under five yearsOf age and conduct assessment on under 10 and 15 years.Nutritiono To cut down on malnutrition for children under the age of fiveo To make sure that everyone receives enough vitamin AWater and Hygieneo Firstly, to properly dispose of carcasseso We must control the water supply and distribute ito We also need to teach the people about clean water and the consequences of water if it isn't cleanCosts for Emergency Medical Supply KitsRegion Approx. Pop. Affect. # Kits Needed Cost (ETB)Tigray 949,000 95 4,155,067Afar 767,000 77 3,367,791Amhara 1,588,000 158 6,910,533Oromiya 1,039,000 104 4,548,705Somali 687,000 69 3,017,891Benishangul 9,000 1 43,737SNNPR 910,000 91 3,980,117Gambela 28,000 3 131,212Dire Dawa 10,000 1 43,737Harari 13,000 1 43,737TOTAL 6,000,000 600 26,242,527One kit costs 43,737 ETB or CAN $6,465One kit is good for 10,000 people for three months.Total: $3,879,000Costs for ImmunizationAge Group: 0-14 years73,000,000 * 0.45 = 32,850,000Vaccine requirement = 1.25 doses32,850,000*1.25 = 41,062,500 doses / 10 does per vial = 4,106,250 vialsNumber of posts = 32,850,000/ 600 = 54, 750 postsNumber of personnel = 54,750 * 4= 219,000Following is in CANOne immunization is $.50 *32,850,000=$16,425,000Personnel cost for first immunization is $40 for one health worker*219,000=$8,760,000Training costs for one person is $20*219000=4,380,000Total: 29,565,000Total Health Cost Including Medical Kits$33,444,000Economic CostsActivity Cost (CAN)Public Toilet Construction 500,000Waste Disposal Site 250,000Carcass Disposal 10,000Construction Tools 50,000Body and Clothes soaps for workers 25,000Disinfectants 200,000Hygiene Education 200,000Sleeping Bags for Workers 10,000Tents for Workers 20,000Water Quality Control and Monitoring 5,000,000Total 6,265,000 Canada must create industries in Ethiopia. They are largely in debt and they need an industrial revolution.
They are completely dependant on agriculture and they have very little industries. Their government spends more money on Defence than health care, education and industries combined. We need to step in and spend $10 million dollars on industry alone. We need to create jobs for the Ethiopian people. That way health and education will automatically increase.Peacemaking CostsWith the remaining $300,000 dollars, we need to send peacemakers to Ethiopia and settle the dispute over the Eritrea territory.
There is so much money wasted by the Ethiopian government towards the military that could be used to help the Ethiopian people.Conclusion As you may now realize, Ethiopia is almost a country in ruins. It is plagued with disease and war. No matter what the government does it still seems to get worse and the government still seems to be in billions of dollars in debt. But if you accept my proposal, you will see Ethiopia get back to its former economic glory. Once again, it will produce riches; the people of Ethiopia will get cleaner water and a job.
Not a job on there farm where crops are ruined, but a job in industry. They will be trained. They will come out of debt. And in time, all the money that is owed to Canada will be repaid. This isn't just a plan to help a country for a few months.
This is a revolution. This plan will pave the way for all third world countries to come out of debt and give back to their people, what the people gave to there country. Countries will give life back to the people. So accept our proposal, it will help everyone in need.
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